Jemaah Anshorut Tauhid (JAT)
Jemaah Anshorut Tauhid (JAT) is an Indonesia-based extremist organization founded by radical cleric Abu Bakar Bashir (also known as Abu Bakr Ba‘asyir and similar variants) in July 2008 to advance an absolutist interpretation of Islamic law with the ultimate goal of establishing a caliphate in Indonesia. JAT leadership has publicly stated that violence is religiously permissible when directed against perceived enemies of Islam and apostates—specifically Indonesian judges, prosecutors, and police. The US Department of State designated JAT as a Foreign Terrorist Organization in 2012.
JAT is implicated in a series of attacks conducted since 2011, including the murder of five Indonesian policemen, suicide bombings in Cirebon and Solo, and the detonation of an explosive device at a boarding school in Bima that authorities suspect served as a terrorist training facility. Indonesian police in March 2012 killed five JAT-associated suspected terrorists believed by authorities to be engaged in preparations for attacks on the island of Bali. In September 2012 Bashir, under detention in Indonesia, said the United States must be destroyed and expressed his hope for
an incident bigger than the one on
Bashir in June 2011 was sentenced to 15 years imprisonment for his role in planning and financing a terrorist training camp disrupted by Indonesian authorities in February 2010. He was transferred to a maximum security prison in January 2013.
Since Bashir’s arrest in August 2010, the organization has been led by acting supreme leader Muhammad Achwan, previously incarcerated for bombing a Hindu temple in 1985.